The Smart Future Initiative (SFI) was founded in January 2009 by
Dr. Dr. Norbert Streitz, a Senior Scientist and Strategic Advisor with more
than 35 years of experience in information and communication technology.
He was previously (among other affiliations) Division Manager and Deputy Director of the Fraunhofer-Institute IPSI, Darmstadt, Germany, and is now the Scientific Director of SFI.
The goal of the Smart Future Initiative is to establish a forum for triggering, developing and communicating innovative ideas and concepts as well as providing expertise on technology developments and trends determining our current and future life in a fast changing society. While the emphasis is on trends and developments in information and communication technology (ICT), our work is grounded in a multi- and interdisciplinary approach considering also social sciences as well as architecture, design and art. The overall guideline is a
Human-Centered Design Approach, respectively in the application domain of Future Cities, a Citizen-Centered Design Approach and To Keep the Human in the Loop and in Control.
Design trade-offs play an important role for managing the diverging demands of "smartness vs. privacy" as well as "automated and autonomous systems vs. human in the loop and in control" (see Streitz 2018 below for the most recent account of these issues). It results in the vision of moving beyond "smart-only cities" by "Re-Defining the Smart-Everything Pardigm".
While all areas of ICT are contributing to the overall goal, we focus on Smart Environments, Ambient Intelligence, Ubiquitous and Pervasive Computing (including the Disappearing Computer concept), and the Internet of Things (IoT) as steps towards Smart Ecosystems.
These technologies are becoming de facto key dimensions of the emerging information and knowledge society, because new generations of industrial digital products and services are clearly shifted towards the vision of a comprehensive smart ecosystem environment.
Another important dimension is the use and combination of these technologies with a variety of application domains, e.g., mobility and transportation, work, home, leisure, entertainment, education, health care, social engagement and responsible citizenship.
For all these application areas, it is important to address the issues of
privacy in sensor-based environments via the Privacy by Design approach.
The context is provided by the umbrella scenario of Urban Life Management in future Hybrid Smart
Cities and Airports which have to be designed as Humane Urban Environments in order to reconcile humans and technology. The goal
is to develop and facilitate a Humane, Sociable and Cooperative Hybrid City, where "quality of life" is a key objective so that citizens can exploit their human potential,
lead a creative life, get involved in the community and contribute to a resilient and sustanainable environment.
The multidisciplinary approach is especially reflected in a strong emphasis on placing people and social contexts at the center of our considerations and recommendations for future technology development. An important guideline is "keep the human in the loop." This implies to overcome a purely technology-driven approach by taking multiple disciplines into account. We argue for a collaboration of computer scientists and electrical engineers with psychologists, ergonomists, product and interaction designers, architects, artists and representatives of other disciplines that play a role for a specific application domain under consideration. This approach implies the following two requirements:
First, it requires to take a close look at human-human communication and collaboration and the resulting implications for the design of human-computer interaction or more general human-artefact, resp. human-environment interaction. A key aspect is the anticipated shift from information design to experience design.
Second, it requires to take a comprehensive perspective on a wide range of application settings and scenarios starting with smart artefacts and smart rooms, continuing to smart and cooperative buildings, public spaces, urban environments, etc. and putting it all together in the context of smart and ubiquitous cities and metropolitan areas and regions. The guiding objective is a Citizen-Centered Design Approach and the ambition of developing Humane and Sociable Cooperative Cities within the overall framework of Reconciling Humans and Technology.
Recent Overview Publication:
Norbert Streitz (2018). Beyond 'Smart-Only' Cities: Redefining the 'Smart-Everything' Paradigm. Journal on Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing. Springer (pp.1-22). Available as online-first: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12652-018-0824-1